Pinot Noir Synonyms, Clones and Related Wine Grape Varieties
Pinot Noir has been a very popular red wine grape variety originating from France, more particularly from the Burgundy wine region of France.
It’s been adopted all around Europe.
There are different synonyms of Pinot Noir, different countries calling it different names.
Hear the synonyms of Pinot pronounced in all languages
The many synonyms of Pinot Noir
The synonyms of Pinot Noir in different languages and different rueopean countries are:
– Pinot Nero
– Pinot Negro
Let’s start with Italy that calls it simply Pinot Nero.
Pinot Nero is grown mainly in the northern part of Italy. Some of the best areas growing Pinot Nero in Italy include Franciacorta, Oltrepò Pavese, Friuli, Veneto, Trentino-Alto Adige and to a lesser extent, Tuscany.
In Spain or spanish-speaking countries, Pinot Noir is rarely but sometimes called Pinot Negro. Pinot Negro which as it seems to do in most languages, translates from Spanish into ‘the black Pinot’.
In Germany it is called Spätburgunder meaning the black grape from Burgundy.
In German-speaking Switzerland, in the German-speaking part of Switzerland, as well as in Austria, rather than calling it Spätburgunder, they simply call it Blauburgunder or blue grape coming from Burgundy.
Those were the synonyms of Pinot Noir. But there’s much more to Pinot than just Pinot Noir.
The Pinot family of grapes is known more being prone to mutating often which has given birth to a variety of Pinot Noir clones, including the following ones accounting among the most famous and qualitative clones of Pinot:
– Dijon Clone 113
– Dijon Clone 114
– Dijon Clone 115
– Dijon Clone 667
– Dijon Clone 777
– Pommard Clone 5
– Wädenswil clone (2A – UCD 1A)
There are over 1,000 registered clones within the Pinot family of grapes, in total.
Related grapes that belong to the Pinot family include:
– Pinot Noir
– Pinot Gris: (a.k.a. Pinot Grigio or Grauburgunder) A pink/grey/salmon-skinned wine grape that produces white wines with a slightly rosé-color, very fruity, floral and fragrant.
– Pinot Blanc: (a.k.a. Pinot Bianco or Weisser Burgunder) A white grape often used for making sparkling wines in Burgundy or Alsace (Crémants)..
– Pinot Meunier: A black-skinned grape that is mostly used in Champagne and that forms with Pinot Noir and Chardonnay the trio of grapes forming the essence of a typical Champagne blend.
– Pinot Teinturier: A black-skinned grape with the rare chracteristic of also having a red-colored flesh and juice giving deeply-colored wine.
– Pinot Noir Précoce: Another variation/mutation of Pinot Noir that has the specificity of ripening very early hence its name (Précoce if French for early or premature).
Learn more about Pinot Noir Wine’s Flavor/Aroma Profile
Find our the top 10 Pinot-producing countries in the world, complete aromatic profile, typical flavors and smells of Pinot Noir, aroma wheel and more with our Infographics & Guide to Pinot Noir Wine Grape Variety.